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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 153-158

Effect of warm water footbath on chemotherapy-induced fatigue among patients with cancer in a selected hospital at Mangaluru


1 M.Sc Nursing Student, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Father Muller College of Nursing, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Father Muller College of Nursing, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Professor and Head, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Father Muller College of Nursing, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Sonia D'Souza
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Father Muller College of Nursing, Mangaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcn.ijcn_12_21

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Fatigue is experienced by most patients with cancer during chemotherapy. Warm-water footbath is one of the many non-pharmacological interventions which help in reducing chemotherapy-induced fatigue (CIF). This study aimed to assess the effect of warm water-footbath on CIF among patients with cancer. A time-series non-equivalent control group design was adopted. Thirty participants with CIF were selected from a selected hospital at Mangaluru by purposive sampling technique and were assigned to the intervention group (n = 15) and control group (n = 15) by random allocation using the closed envelope method. The pre-interventional CIF scores were assessed using the Piper Fatigue Scale-12. Warm-water footbath intervention was administered to the intervention group for 20 min two times a day with the interval of 6 h for 3 consecutive days. The post-intervention measure was administered 5 min after the second intervention on each day using the same fatigue scale. The same protocol was followed by the control group but no intervention was given. The one-way repeated measure analysis of variance value (F (5,10) = 215.63, P = 0.001) indicates that there was a highly significant difference between the mean pre-interventional and post-interventional scores in the intervention group at various time points. The unpaired t values (t (28) =15.9, P = 0.001) on day 3 showed that there was a highly significant difference in the post-interventional scores between the intervention and control groups. Warm-water footbath is an effective and simple strategy to reduce CIF among participants with cancer-receiving chemotherapy.


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