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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 145-148

Efficacy of modified ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention bundles on ventilator-associated pneumonia incidence rate in the intensive care unit: A pilot study


Nursing Supervisor, Kovai Medical Center and Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. A Yuvaraj
5/404, Kamaraj Nagar, Veppadai, Elanthakuttai, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcn.ijcn_57_21

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Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia that develops in an intubated patient after 48 h of mechanical ventilation. In India, there is a paucity of literature in terms of compliance to VAP prevention bundles and their benefits. The aim of this study was to compare the reduction of VAP incidence rates amongst patients who received existing VAP prevention bundles and modified VAP prevention bundles. This pilot study was conducted in the adult intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital. There were 60 patients in all, 30 patients in each group. The diagnosis of VAP was based on the clinical presentation and correlation with Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score. The incidence of VAP was 3/435 ventilator days (6.80%) in the patients receiving a modified VAP prevention bundle. In the conventional VAP prevention bundle group, the incidence of VAP was six episodes per 439 ventilator days (13.60%). Our study concluded that the modified VAP prevention bundle is effective in reducing the incidence of VAP amongst intubated patients.


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