• Users Online: 284
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 76-80

Prevalence of oral problems among patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus in the Selected Urban Area of Vellore City, Tamil Nadu


1 Assistant Professor, Departments of Community Health Nursing, College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Professor, Departments of Community Health Nursing, College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Professor, Department of Dental Surgery, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Lecturer, Department of Biostatistics, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Irene Dorathy
College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcn.ijcn_22_21

Rights and Permissions

There is a rapid increase in diabetes mellitus worldwide causing premature deaths (1.6 million deaths in 2016) due to complications of the disease. India is said to have a greater number of diabetics, and diabetes remains one of the leading causes of death due to complications in India. Poor glycaemic control in patients not only affects their heart, kidneys, eyes and nerves but also affects the oral cavity. Periodontal disease is considered the sixth complication of diabetes mellitus, and it is seldom addressed. This study was conducted to assess the extent of oral problems amongst the clients with Type II diabetes mellitus in the selected urban area of Vellore district. A total of 150 samples were selected using simple random technique method. Informed consent was obtained from every subject, and the study was approved by the institutional review board. Data were collected using a structured pro forma, and a thorough oral examination was done to identify oral problems. The data were analysed using SPSS and were presented with explanatory statements in tables and graphs. The study findings revealed that the prevalence of periodontitis was high (64.7%) amongst the Type II diabetes mellitus and half of the subjects (53%) had one or the other oral problems such as calculus, stains dental caries, bleeding or swollen gum, gum recession and loose tooth or missing tooth. Regular dental check-up is mandatory for all diabetics, and oral health education is much required for better glycaemic control which will help to reduce the mortality rate and country's burden.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed756    
    Printed51    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded55    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal