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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 59-66

Effectiveness of quality-of-life counselling with hatha yoga among human immunodeficiency virus-infected adolescents: Randomised control trial

1 Professor, Hindu Mission College of Nursing, Chennai, India
2 Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Madras Medical College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajathi Sakthivel
Hindu Mission College of Nursing, Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. M. G. R. Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcn.ijcn_45_21

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Adolescents are high risk and underserved group in the international and national response to acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics. Children with HIV infection may experience more difficulties in their daily life because of parental death from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and social stigmatisation may worsen their quality of life (QOL). The therapeutic practice of Hatha Yoga and QOL counselling promotes healthy practices, develops positive attitudes and enhances well-being of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of QOL counselling with Hatha Yoga in HIV-infected adolescents. A randomised control trial design was adopted for the study. A total of 388 HIV-infected adolescents were randomised into experimental (195) and control groups (193) by the simple random technique. Data were collected from HIV-infected adolescents/caregivers from four main antiretroviral therapy Centres in Chennai, India, through Health Related QOL Assessment Questionnaire. QOL counselling was provided only to the experimental group and Asanas were demonstrated by the researcher. At the end of data collection, cursory instructions regarding QOL counselling and yoga were also given to the control group. Data were collected from both groups in 3-month intervals from the time of allotment ('0', 3rd and 6th months). . In both groups, mean QOL score in pre- and post-test score was 163.6 versus162.9 at '0' month and 215.6 versus166.0 at '6' month, respectively. The mean difference in QOL gain score was 51.97 in the experimental and only 3.09 in control group. There were significant changes in QOL score in the experimental group. The factors such as age and gender of ALHIV and caregiver's age, gender, relationship with adolescents and residence are significantly associated with increased QOL. The motivational QOL counselling along with yoga has effectiveness to increase QOL among HIV-infected adolescents in the experimental group.

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