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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 54-58

Effectiveness of muscle energy technique versus positional release therapy on range of motion and pain in non-specific low back pain

1 Assistant Professor, UIAHS, Department of Physiotherapy, Chandigarh University, Punjab, India
2 Assistant Professor, Rama Medical College and Hospital and Research Center, Hapur, UP, India
3 Clinical Physiotherapist, Mumbai, India
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, Chitkara University, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Priya Chauhan
University Institute of Applied Health Science, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Chandigarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcn.ijcn_62_21

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Low back ache is the largest cause of sick leave, and half of the population will have experienced a significant incident of low back ache by the age of 30. In India, low back ache prevalence has been reported to be around 23.09%. Severe pain in the lower back is sequel of numerous causes, such as faulty posture, muscular dysfunction (e.g.: muscular imbalance and short or weak muscle), overuse, instability and articular dysfunction in the low back, accident or trauma and most commonly road vehicle accidents. In 85%–90% of cases of lower back ache are non-specific in nature. The function and co-ordination of the muscles that stabilise the lumbar spine, especially the back extensor muscles are often impaired in patients with low back pain. Erector spinae strain and fatigue is one of the causes of back pain. A total of 30 subjects with acute low back pain participated in this study. Group A were treated with hot moist pack and muscle energy technique (MET), whereas Group B were treated with hot moist pack and positional release therapy (PRT). Both the groups received a conventional training protocol for 3 days a week for 4 weeks. The result from these tables shows changes in both the groups, with statistically significant changes were noticed in Group B. The present study showed that both PRT and MET within hot moist packs could be of benefit in the treatment of acute low back pain associated erector spinae muscle spasm. There was significant difference in the intensity of pain within the groups and between the groups after 4 weeks of treatment. Reduction in pain intensity was significant in the PRT group. Pain relief was achieved with both Group A and Group B, but was appreciably more significant in the PRT group. There is a significant difference between both Groups A and B. Hence, PRT is more effective than MET.

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