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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 49-53

Effectiveness of awareness programme regarding breastfeeding techniques on the prevention of nipple soreness amongst primipara mothers in a selected hospital at Mangaluru, Karnataka


1 M.Sc Nursing Student, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecological Nursing, Father Muller College of Nursing, Mangaluru, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecological Nursing, Father Muller College of Nursing, Mangaluru, India
3 Lecturer, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecological Nursing, Father Muller College of Nursing, Mangaluru, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Sangeetha Crasta
Father Muller College of Nursing, Mangalure - 575 002, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcn.ijcn_10_21

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Breastfeeding is a crucial and unrivalled way of providing ideal food for the healthy growth and development of infants. Exclusive breastfeeding in the 6 months of life plays a pivotal role in child health. Faulty technique of latching causes nipple soreness or trauma. The WHO estimated that 33% of all women experienced breastfeeding problems in the first 2 weeks of post-partum. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of awareness programme regarding breastfeeding techniques on the prevention of nipple soreness amongst primipara mothers. A non-equivalent, post-test only control group design was adopted on 60 primipara mothers who were selected using the purposive sampling technique. Awareness programme regarding breastfeeding techniques was given to the intervention group. A demographic pro forma and Nipple Soreness Rating Scale were used to collect the data. In the intervention group, the post-test nipple soreness mean score was 0.2, and in the control group, the post-test nipple soreness mean score was 2.2, and the mean difference was statistically significant. The calculated Mann–Whitney U-test P = 0.001 showed that there was a statistically significant difference in mean post-test nipple soreness scores between the intervention and control groups. There was no significant association between the mean post-test nipple soreness score and demographic variables in both intervention and control groups. The awareness programme regarding breastfeeding technique was effective in the prevention of nipple soreness amongst primipara mothers.


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