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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 215-220

Review of studies on stress, job satisfaction and resilience among nursing professionals


1 Research Scholar, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Studies and Research, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Professor, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Studies and Research, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Professor & Program Director- Ph.D, All India Management Association – Centre for Management Education, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Shikha Sharma
C-8, 260A, 1st Floor, Keshav Puram, Lawrence Road, Delhi - 110 035
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcn.ijcn_16_21

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Nursing profession is quite stressful. Numerous studies had been carried out to identify the stress, job satisfaction and resilience among nursing professional. The aim of this study is to collate the available literature on the relationship among role stress, job satisfaction and resilience among nursing professionals. Electronic databases (CINAHL, Medline, Scopus, ScienceDirect, PsycInfo, PsycArticles and Proquest) were searched using the various combinations of keywords: nursing stress, nurse resilience and job satisfaction. In addition to electronic databases, manual searches were also undertaken in various nursing journals including the Journal of Advanced Nursing, the International Journal of Nursing Practice and the International Journal of Nursing Studies. A total of eight descriptive and descriptive-correlational studies published in English were included, and data are presented in a narrative summary. The findings revealed a negative relationship between nursing stress and job satisfaction and reported a mediating role of resilience in the relationship. The degree of role stress, resilience level and job satisfaction varied among different demographics and work settings. Workload and staffing inadequacy were reported as the major stressors for nursing professionals. A high level of job satisfaction was attributed to the presence of intrinsic and extrinsic rewards in the profession and the resilient nature of nursing professionals played a pivotal role in managing the level of stress and increases the level of satisfaction among them. Within the limitations of the study such as the lack of literature including all three constructs of the study and methodological constraints of multiplicity of instruments, it was noted that nursing professionals are often stressed due to heavy workload and demanding work conditions, express job dissatisfaction, they try to adjust to the conditions by being resilient. This imposes a persistent need for the health-care system to strategize and ensure the management of workload, sufficient staffing and adequate training for nursing professionals to ensure the delivery of quality health care. A very limited number of studies have examined the role of resilience in the relationship between role stress and job satisfaction. Furthermore, no studies in the Asian context have previously been conducted.


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