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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 115-122

Advancing nursing practice in India: Historical lessons from the United States

1 Postdoctrote Fellow at Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, Maryland, USA; Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Maryland, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajesh Kumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Rishikesh, Uttarakhand - 249 203

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcn.ijcn_41_21

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Nurses, as key health personnel in the health-care industry, play a vital role in the delivery of care. Nurses work with different populations in varied settings to coordinate care aimed at the prevention of disease, promotion of health and care of sick and dying. With the impending rise in demand for quality care, skilled and specialised role of nurses is paramount to ensure high quality. The creation of advanced nursing roles and specialisation in nursing made the nurses independent and more autonomous in their roles. Advanced roles contributed a service model and best fit to the ever-changing demands of patients. At present, nurses participate in clinical research, decision-making and demonstrate clinical leadership skills to improve the safety and quality of care. Dynamic changes in the health-care industry and consumer awareness are other driving forces that influence the need for nurses to be highly competent and skilled to fulfil their responsibilities. This article briefly describes the nursing transformation in the United States and the different nursing programmes offered in India.

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