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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111-116

Assessment of maternal concerns, beliefs and infant attachment behaviour of mothers of pre term infants

1 National Hospital College of Nursing, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
2 Government College of Nursing, Alappuzha, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepa Premala
Government College of Nursing, Alappuzha, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJCN.IJCN_22_20

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One of the major causes of neonatal mortality in India is prematurity. Although prematurity in itself poses multiple challenges for the neonate in the immediate newborn period, sustaining survival in the later period, after discharge from a newborn intensive care facility, remains a greater challenge for parents in low- and middle-income countries. The present study assessed the maternal concerns, beliefs and infant attachment behaviour of mothers of pre-term infants admitted in newborn nurseries. A quantitative approach with a descriptive cross-sectional design was used. The investigator used consecutive sampling to select 95 mothers of pre-term infants. The interview schedule was used to assess maternal concerns, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) parental belief scale was used to assess maternal beliefs and the Index of parental behaviour in NICU was used to assess infant attachment behaviour. The findings revealed that 63.2% of mothers of pre-term infants belonged to the moderately concerned group, 62.1% of mothers of pre-term infants had strong parental belief and 94.74% of mothers of pre-term infants had appropriate infant attachment behaviour. The study found that there was no significant correlation between maternal concerns and infant attachment behaviour. There was a significant positive correlation (r = 0.23) between beliefs and infant attachment behaviour. Maternal concerns were associated with monthly family income and the number of children, beliefs and the infant attachment behaviour were associated with duration of hospital stay.

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