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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 44-53

Lived experience of the disaster victims of South Indian floods 2015: A concatenated disaster crisis model using phenomenographical framework analysis

1 Asst. Professor, CON, Chettinad Academy of Research & Education, Chennai, India
2 Professor., M.A.Chidambaram College of Nursing, Chennai, India
3 Tutor, M.A.Chidambaram College of Nursing, Chennai, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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The 2015 South Indian floods resulted from heavy rainfall in November-December 2015. The South Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, particularly the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu were badly affected. The aim of this study was to explore the variation in the lived experience of the disaster victims of South Indian floodsand develop a Concatenated Disaster Crisis model. A phenomenographical design was chosen to explore the variation in the lived experience of the disaster victims of the floods which focused on investigating ‘how people experience a natural phenomenon?'. The duration of the study was one year with three phases of data collection and the total sample size was 22. Phenomenographical analysis method of familiarization, compilation, condensation, preliminary grouping, preliminary comparison of categories, naming the categories and final outcome space was used to understand the variations and collective meaning in the participants’ experience. Categories of the description in the form of ten categories named ‘phases’ and descriptions as ‘views’ and an outcome space named Concatenated Disaster Crisis model emerged from the data. The Disaster Crisis model was developed based on the three types of disasters that are linked within an event namely natural disaster, socio-economic disaster and psychological disaster. The Concatenated Disaster Crisis model facilitate nurses to identify the chain of experiences of the victims with the variations therein, plan the allocation of resources carefully and meet the needs of the victims of disaster in different phases of their experiences.

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