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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 38-43

Effectiveness of family support groups in improving the coping levels and strategies adopted by widows affected by tsunami

1 Secretary, Mid India Board of Education of NL of CMAI, Nagpur, India
2 Former Professor, College of Nursing, CMC, Vellore, India
3 Former Professor, CMC, Vellore, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Natural disasters tend to disperse families and disrupt communities leading to death, injury, and separation from homes. Following a traumatic event, about 20% of people need some kind of psychosocial support to deal with stress and related problems and 5% of people can be expected to have serious mental health disorders. Amixed methods study was done to assess the effectiveness of family support groups in improving the coping levels and strategies adopted by widows affected by tsunami in selected villages ofNagappatinam district, Tamilnadu. Purposive sampling was used to select 3 0 widows who lost their husbands in Tsunami in 2004, in the 18 proj ect villages of Sirgazhi Taluk ofNagappatinam district. A coping scale prepared by the researcher based on Brief Cope Inventory and Impact of Events Scale and semi structured interview guide were used to collect data during the first week after obtaining oral consent. Participants were divided into groups often members with 2-3 supporters based on their coping and geographical proximity. The groups met once a week for four weeks and discussed aspects of psychological and financial coping and challenges for future. Post-test on coping was done during the sixth week. Study findings showed that family support groups were very effective in improving the coping levels of the widows. The mean difference of the effectiveness of support groups on coping related to psychological, behavioral, and cognitive aspects were highly significant (p<.001). Early psychosocial interventions can help disaster victims cope with various stressors and hence nurses need to intervene at various stages of response and recovery in a disaster.

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