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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 49-54

Effectiveness of a self instructional module on lifestyle changes to prevent heart diseases

Assoc Professor, Lowry Memorial College Campus, Bangalore, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Cardio Vascular Diseases (CVDs) are the number one cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other causes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Self Instructional Module (SIM) on knowledge regarding lifestyle changes to prevent heart diseases. A quantitative, pre experimental, one group pretest posttest design was selected for the study. The participants were 70 Information Technology (IT) professionals from selected IT companies in Bangalore. A non-probability convenience sampling technique was used to select the samples for the study. A structured knowledge questionnaire was used to collect data from the participants. The data obtained was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. In the pretest 17.1% of the respondents had inadequate knowledge, 54.3% had moderately adequate knowledge and 28.6% had adequate knowledge. In the post test all subjects (100%) had adequate knowledge. The ‘t’ test value was 16.31 which was found to be significant (p<.05). SIM was found to be effective in imparting knowledge regarding lifestyle changes to prevent heart diseases.

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